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Former M-9
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M-10
Western Entrance:    From Wisconsin via the Lake Michigan Carferry at the ferry docks in Ludington, south end of James St
Eastern Terminus:    Jct I-75/US-23 (at Exit 162) & M-25/BS I-75 just west of Bay City
Length: 140.68 miles
Map: Route Map of US-10
Notes: Prior to the coming of the Interstates, US-10 was a key US Highway in Michigan. Beginning in the heart of downtown Detroit at a junction with US-12, US-16 and US-25, US-10 continued through such cities as Pontiac, Flint, Saginaw and Midland, all the while gradually bending west to cross the Lower Peninsula to meet the Lake Michigan Carferries at Ludington, where the route continued across the lake via the ferry to Manitowoc, Wisconsin and on to Seattle. In present times, just as US-10 was truncated at Fargo, North Dakota in the west, it was scaled back from Detroit to end in Bay City in 1986. Also, after many years of tenuous service, the Lake Michigan Carferry service is again running strong, ferrying people and their automobiles between Ludington and Manitowoc, providing that crucial link in the route of US-10.
  For more information about the Lake Michigan carferry, the S.S. Badger, visit the Lake Michigan Carferry, Inc. website for current sailings, historical information, fares, and activities to do while on board the four hour crossing.
  Updated For the first forty years of the existence of the US-10 freeway—now stretching from west of Farwell to Bay City—no exit numbers or milemarkers were posted along its route. For decades, MDOT only posted exit numbers and milemarkers along routes which actually began as freeways or entered Michigan at the southern or western state boundaries. Some routes, such as US-10, became freeways part-way through their travels through the state, and these routes were not assigned milemarkers. Starting in the early 1990s, MDOT began slowly milemarking the remaining freeways in the state, posting milemarkers on US-10 between Farwell and Bay City in 2001. It wasn't until 2010-12 that most of these freeways, however, had exit numbers assigned and US-10 was no exception. New exit signs along the US-10 freeway between Farwell and Bay City were installed in 2012 featuring exit numbers matching the milemarkers erected a decade before.
History: 1920s – Before the advent of the US Highway system in the mid-1920s, the Ludington-to-Detroit route of US-10 was made up of the following state routes: 1) M-20 from Ludington to Midland; 2) M-24 from Midland to Saginaw; and 3) M-10 from Saginaw to Detroit. (For the complete history of M-10 in Michigan, please see the M-10 listing below.)
  1926 – The US-10 designation was added in Michigan from Ludington to Detroit. Some 1926 Rand McNally road maps called this route "US-12" and the route which became US-12 as "US-10," however many familiar to the situation say this is not correct and attribute it to overzealous mapping using the preliminary plans for the US Highway System instead of the final approved version later in 1926. In any event, the redundant, duplicate state route numbers of M-20, M-24 and M-10 along this route were replaced by the US-10 designation.
  1928 – US-10 is realigned to utilize the new eastern bypass of the City of Flint, which is named "Dort Hwy" soon after; Dort was an early pioneer in the automobile industry in Flint, parterning with William Durant, the founder of General Motors, at one time. The former route of US-10 through Flint is redesignated as M-10, ironically reviving a highway designation which existed along this route two years earlier, prior to the coming of US-10! Also during 1928, US-10 is realigned to its present route from M-37 north of Baldwin westerly to the Lake/Mason Co line. The former route is turned back to local control.
  1932 – A new, more-direct highway alignment opens along present-day Saginaw Rd from Clare to Loomis in northern Isabella Co, with the former route of US-10 being turned back to local control.
  1933 – Two minor realignments are completed near Hersey and west of Evart in Osceola Co.
  1934 – A new bypass of downtown Midland opens in mid-1934 along Saginaw Rd. The former route through downtown Midland, running generally along present-day BUS US-10, becomes US-10A.
  1935 – A new alignment for two miles northwest from downtown Farwell opens in mid-1935, cutting a mile from the route. Old US-10 along Old State and Surrey Rds becomes a county road.
  1936 – US-10 is realigned to its present routing between Sears and M-66 east of Sears in 1936, where it turns south on M-66 for 3 miles back to its original alignment. The former route of US-10 along present-day 50th Ave & 3 Mile Rd is turned back to local control. Also, in early 1936, US-10 is realigned onto a new, direct highway alignment from Farwell to Clare, dropping the distance between those two cities by a mile. The former route along Beaver and Maple Rds is turned back to local control.
  1937-38 – While a major paving project had US-10 between Custer in Mason Co and M-37 north of Baldwin closed, a temporary US-10 was designated along county roads. From Custer, the route ran north along Custer Rd to Sugar Grove Rd, then east to Benson Rd and south to US-10 at Walhalla. From Walhalla, the route then ran south on Walhalla Rd, then east on Kinney Rd, 56th & 52nd Sts to Baldwin.
  1938 – The realignment project begun in Osceola Co at Sears in 1936 is completed with the opening of US-10 along its present route from M-66 east of Sears to Lake Station in Clare Co in 1938. The former US-10/M-66 routing retains the M-66 designation, while the former segment along 3 Mile Rd/Eight Point Ave is turned back to local control.
  1939 – The downtown Birmingham "bypass" is completed and opened to traffic and originally named "Hunter Blvd." Sources seem to indicate that originally, Hunter Blvd handled northbound US-10 traffic, while the original Woodward Ave route was given totally over to southbound traffic. At some future point, all US-10 traffic was transferred to the Hunter Blvd (now Woodward Ave) alignment, with Woodward Ave (now Old Woodward Ave) through downtown Birmingham becoming a local street.
  1941-42 – In late-1941 or early-1942, the M-10 designation through the City of Flint is replaced by a brand-new BUS US-10 designation, resulting is the absence of the M-10 designation from Michigan for almost 50 years.
  1943-44 – US-10 is realigned to its present routing between Chase in Lake Co and US-131 at Reed City in Osceola Co, with the Osceola portion being completed during the War in 1943 and the Lake stretch done in 1944. This change, however, does not show up on the official highway map until the 1948 editions! With this realignment and subsequent paving, the final 16 miles of gravel-surfaced US-10 in Michigan are finally hard-surfaced.
  1953 – With the completion of a US-23 bypass of Saginaw, the co-signed portion of US-10/US-23 between Bridgeport and downtown Saginaw becomes US-10/BUS US-23.
  1957 – With the completion of the Fenton-Clio Expressway (a freeway) from Birch Run southherly past Flint, the US-23 designation is moved to the new freeway and the former US-10/US-23 becomes just US-10. Through the center of Flint, Saginaw St becomes just BUS US-10.
  1959 – A new highway alignment opens bypassing Reed City on the north. Some of the former route becomes BUS US-10, with the remainder being transferred to local control.
  1960 (Nov 4) – The new US-10 freeway opens to traffic around the north side of Midland between Bay City Rd and Stark Rd. In the city of Midland, the former US-10 along Saginaw Rd is turned back to local control, while the former US-10A becomes BUS US-10.
  1960 (Early Dec), 1961 (Jan 3) Updated A 14.93-mile long state trunkline route for the I-75/US-10/US-23 freeway is officially determined as a part of the trunkline system on Jan 3, 1961 beginning at jct US-23 & M-81 northeast of Saginaw then northwesterly over the Saginaw River via the new four-lane bascule Zilwaukee Bridge, then curving northerly past Bay City, ending at existing US-23 at Kawkawlin, northwest of Bay City. The US-10 designation is rerouted from Bridgeport to run northerly concurrently with US-23 along the 1949–54 "bypass" route to M-81, then continues concurrently with I-75/US-23 across the Zilwaukee Bridge to an interchange with the M-20 freeway west of Bay City, where US-10 turns westerly to replace M-20 from there toward Midland. I-75 and US-23 continue northerly from there to the freeway terminus at Kawkawlin. The former route of US-10 from Bridgeport into downtown Saginaw is redesignated as BL I-75, from downtown Saginaw westerly to M-47 west of Saginaw it becomes an extension of M-81, from there northwesterly to one mile north of Freeland (where a new two-lane expressway continues due northerly) it becomes part of M-47, and from that point to M-20 in Midland, the former US-10 is turned back to local control. While the 14.93-mile segment is officially assumed into the trunkline system on Jan 3, 1961, sources indicate it was actually open to traffic in Early Dec 1960. (The segment between Bridgeport and Bay City also becomes the first section of I-75 in Michigan to be opened with I-75 signs in place and posted at the time of its opening.)
  1961 (Nov 17, Nov 25) UpdatedThe 8.5-mile segment of I-75/US-10/US-23 freeway in Saginaw Co beginning at the north end of the "Fenton–Clio Expressway" at Birch Run (present-day Exit 136) and continuing northwesterly to the southern end of the 1949–54 US-23 "Saginaw byass" (designated as US-10/US-23 since the beginning of the year) at Dixie Hwy in Bridgeport at present-day Exit 144 southeast of Saginaw is opened on Nov 17. Instead of the usual ribbon-cutting ceremony, Gov. Swainson participated in a log-cutting ceremony to open the new highway, reminiscient of the Saginaw area's role in the lumbering era a century earlier. This segment of freeway is also officially determined as a state trunkline route eight days later on Nov 25. The 8.8-mile former route of US-10/US-23 along Dixie Hwy between Birch Run Rd and the northern end of this segment at Bridgeport is turned back to county control on Nov 25 as well.
      From Dixie Hwy at Bridgeport, the existing 1949–54 US-10/US-23 Saginaw "bypass" route, consisting of an undivided two-lane highway, is converted to a full freeway with the addition of a new set of northbound lanes within the same right-of-way. Thus, I-75 is now uninterrupted as a full freeway from southwest of Flint in Genesee Co northerly to jct M-13 at Kawkawlin, concurrent with US-23 for that entire distance and with US-10 from Birch Run to jct M-15/M-25 at Bay City.
  1961 (Dec 15) – A 25-mile portion of new US-10 freeway opens between Stark Rd northwest of Midland and the newly completed US-27 "expressway" at Clare. At this time, all of US-10 from Bay City to Clare is temporarily designated as "TO I-75," directing through I-75 traffic between completed segments south of Bay City and north of Grayling.
  1961 Updated – Additionally, US-10 at Pontiac is rerouted to bypass the city to the west, completely supplanting the M-58 designation. Because to this, the former M-24/M-58 segment of Square Lake Rd becomes US-10/M-24, while the remainder of the former M-58 along Telegraph Rd is redesignated as US-10 and M-58, for a second time, ceases as a state trunkline designation. The former US-10 through downtown Pontiac becomes BUS US-10.
  1962 (Nov 5, Nov 15) Updated A major new 33.72-mile long segment of I-75 (and, in part, I-75/US-10) freeway is determined as a state trunkline highway route in Oakland Co (official on Nov 15) and Genesee Co (official on Nov 5), beginning at the M-24 interchange (present-day Exit 81) northeast of Pontiac, northwesterly to merge into US-23/Fenton–Clio Expwy southwest of downtown Flint. This portion of freeway likely opens at this time or within a month of its official determination. From the Dixie Hwy interchange northwest of Clarkston (present-day Exit 93) northwesterly to US-23, the US-10 designation is relocated onto the new I-75 freeway, with the 11.7-mile former route of US-10 along Dixie Hwy between I-75 near Clarkston (present-day Exit 93) and an interchange with the new freeway on the Oakland/Genesee Co line is turned back to local control. From the Oakland/Genesee Co line interchange northerly past Flint to Clio, the former route of US-10 is redesignated as M-54 and is turned back to local control between Clio and Birch Run. Meanwhile, the US-10 designation now joins with I-75 between Clarkston and Flint, and with I-75/US-23 from Flint to Birch Run. US-10 is now freeway from east of Clare to Clarkston.
  1969 (Oct 26) New! – At its regular meeting at the Sheraton Hotel in Philadelphia, the U.S. Route Numbering Subcommittee of the American Association of State Highway Officials (AASHO) approves a request from the Michigan Dept of State Highways to relocate the route of US-10 between Detroit and Pontiac, removing it from Woodward Ave and placing it onto the John C Lodge Frwy from downtown Detroit to US-24/Telegraph Rd in Southfield, thence northerly with US-24/Telegraph Rd to the Pontiac area where it meets up with its existing route at Square Lake Rd. The AASHO subcommittee specifies, however, that the portion of US-10 along US-24/Telegraph Rd between Southfield and Pontiac be signed as TEMPORARY US-10, implying that a future rerouting for US-10 is anticipated, likely using the proposed Northwestern Hwy freeway as its routing.
  1970 Updated – Based on the AASHO approval to relocate the route of US-10 between Detroit and Pontiac in 1969, the US-10 designation is removed from the Woodward Ave corridor and placed onto the John C Lodge Frwy between downtown Detroit and US-24/Telegraph Rd in Southfield, replacing the BS I-696 designation along that route. From Southfield, US-10 is now signed concurrently with US-24 along Telegraph Rd northerly to the northern terminus of US-24 at existing US-10 at Square Lake Rd southwest of Pontiac. The former route of US-10 along Woodward ave is redesignated as M-1 with the portion along Square Lake Rd between Woodward Ave and US-24/Telegraph Rd south of Pontiac becoming part of an extended BUS US-10 routing. Interestingly, while the portion of US-10 along US-24/Telegraph Rd between Southfield and Pontiac was supposed to be signed as TEMPORARY US-10 as per AASHO, no evidence exists that "TEMPORARY" signs were ever actually erected along that portion of the route and it is signed simply as part of US-10.
  1973 – With the completion of I-75 between West Branch and Roscommon, the "TO I-75" designation is removed from US-10 between Bay City and Clare.
  1974 (June 25) New! – At its regular meeting in Seattle, the U.S. Route Numbering Subcommittee of the American Association of State Highway Officials (AASHO) approves a request from the Michigan Dept of State Highways & Transportation to relocate the route of US-10 in the Clare-Farwell area from its existing route via the downtowns of both communities and placing it onto a new freeway bypass to the north.
  1975 (Nov 12, 11:00 am) Updated The 9.2-mile long US-10/M-115 freeway bypass of the Clare and Farwell area is completed and opened to traffic at a public dedication ceremony put on by the Clare Chamber of Commerce at 11:00 am. "Miss Michigan Transpo of 1976," Barbara Tomak of Lansing, assists with the ribbon cutting on the $16.3 million freeway. The route of US-10 now continues northwesterly from the first Clare exit (present-day Exit 95) for 2 miles along what had been an unnumbered connector freeway (formerly part of TO I-75 until 1973) to US-27, continuing around Clare concurrently with US-27 for 4 miles, then heading westerly along the new freeway facility with M-115 for 8 miles back to the former route of US-10 along Ludington Dr. The former route of US-10 from present-day Exit 95 east of Clare into downtown Clare is redesiganted as BUS US-10, with that designation continuing northerly along BUS US-27 from downtown Clare to a terminus at US-27/US-10 north of the city. Former US-10 from downtown Clare westerly through Farwell is retained as an unsigned state trunkline at this point.
  1975 (Nov 26) Updated - The new US-10/M-115 freeway bypass of Farwell and Clare is officially assumed into the state trunkline system, having opened to traffic two weeks earlier. The former route of M-115 and US-10/M-115 through Farwell and into downtown Clare remains an state trunkline highway route.
  1985 (Oct 11) New! At its regular meeting in Seattle, the U.S. Route Numbering Subcommittee of the American Association of State Highway & Transportation Officials (AASHTO) approves a request from the Michigan Dept of Transportation to eliminate the portion of US-10 from the jct with I-75/US-23 at Bay City and downtown Detroit.
  1986-87 – The US-10 designation scaled back from downtown Detroit to end at Bay City. The route of US-10 is now about one-half its original length in Michigan. The former portions of US-10 co-signed with other routes retain those other route numbers. Former US-10 along Dixie Hwy and Telegraph Rd from I-75 northwest of Clarkston and Square Lake Rd (jct US-24) southwest of Pontiac becomes an extension of US-24 and the former BUS US-10 through Pontiac becomes BUS US-24. The John C Lodge Frwy from jct I-696 in Southfield and jct I-75 near downtown Detroit is redesignated as M-10. The final segment of the former US-10 is designated as BS I-375, but was never signed as such (it later became part of M-10).
  1989 – The former route of US-10 through Farwell and into downtown Clare becomes a signed state highway once again—it had remained an unsigned state trunkline since 1975. Most commercial maps have labled this road as BUS US-10, but all signs along the route reveal this is actually a re-re-location of M-115 back onto its original alignment. In 1975, M-115 was routed along with US-10 onto the newly constructed bypass to end at US-27 north of Clare. In 1989, M-115 was removed from this route and transferred back onto Ludington Dr and ends in downtown Clare at jct BUS US-27 & BUS US-10.
  1998 – The entrance to the Lake Michigan Carferry docks was changed from the south end of William St to the south end of James St in Ludington. Formerly, US-10 continued westerly on Ludington Ave for an additional three blocks to William St, then turned southerly for four blocks to the carferry docks. With the reconfiguration of the carferry docks and entrance in 1998, US-10 now turns southerly from Ludington Ave via James St for seven blocks to the ferry docks entrance. In the realignment, MDOT reconstructed James St, and placed a "US-10 ENDS" route marker assembly at the entrance to the docks. The former route of US-10 along William St is no longer a signed state highway, and may be turned back to local control in the future. The former portion of US-10 along Ludington Ave between James St and William St is now an extension of M-116.
  2016 (July 25) New! The West Michigan Pike Historic Byway is officially unveiled at a ceremony in Muskegon's Heritage Park. Running from the Indiana state line south of New Buffalo up Michigan's west coast to Ludington, the Byway may follow US-10 from the western jct with US-31 east of Ludington westerly into downtown Ludington.
Controlled-Access: Freeway: From M-115 northwest of Farwell to eastern terminus.
  Expressway: None.
NHS: Updated The entire length of US-10 in Michigan is part of the NHS. The portion of US-10 from the western jct with US-31 east of Ludington westerly to the Lake Michigan Carferry dock in Ludington is an "Intermodal Connector" on the NHS.
Circle Tour: Lake Michigan Circle Tour MarkerLake Michigan Circle Tour: From west jct of US-31 east of Ludington to east jct of US-31 west of Scottville.
  Lake Michigan Circle Tour Loop MarkerLake Michigan Circle Tour - Loop: From the west jct of US-31 east of Ludington to the S.S. Badger Carferry dock in Ludington, then across Lake Michigan via the ferry.
  Former Lake Michigan Circle Tour Loop MarkerLake Michigan Circle Tour - Loop: From eastern jct of US-31 west of Scottville to jct Old US-31 in downtown Scottville. NOTE: This LMCT Loop route was removed/decommissioned some time in late 2004 or early 2005 and no longer exists.
Pure Michigan Byway: Historic Heritage Route MarkerWest Michigan Pike Historic Byway New!: The route of the Byway may follow US-10 from the western jct with US-31 east of Ludington westerly into downtown Ludington.
Business Connections:
  • BUS US-10 - Reed City. From jct US-10 & Mackinaw Tr (Old US-131) north of Reed City to jct US-10 east of Reed City.
  • BUS US-10 - Clare. From US-127/US-10 on the north side of Clare to jct US-10 east of Clare.
  • BUS US-10 - Midland. From jct US-10 on the north side of Midland (Eastman Rd interchange) to jct US-10 & M-20 east of Midland.
Continue on: US-10 into Wisconsin
Photographs:  
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