Michigan Highways: Since 1997.

Michigan Highways website header graphic
Back to Previous Route:
Former M-9
US-10 Route Marker On to Next Route:
M-10
Western Entrance:    From Wisconsin via the Lake Michigan Carferry at the ferry docks in Ludington, south end of James St
Eastern Terminus:    Jct I-75/US-23 (at Exit 162) & M-25/BS I-75 just west of Bay City
Length: 140.68 miles
Map: Route Map of US-10
Notes: Prior to the coming of the Interstates, US-10 was a key US Highway in Michigan. Beginning in the heart of downtown Detroit at a junction with US-12, US-16 and US-25, US-10 continued through such cities as Pontiac, Flint, Saginaw and Midland, all the while gradually bending west to cross the Lower Peninsula to meet the Lake Michigan Carferries at Ludington, where the route continued across the lake via the ferry to Manitowoc, Wisconsin and on to Seattle. In present times, just as US-10 was truncated at Fargo, North Dakota in the west, it was scaled back from Detroit to end in Bay City in 1986. Also, after many years of tenuous service, the Lake Michigan Carferry service is again running strong, ferrying people and their automobiles between Ludington and Manitowoc, providing that crucial link in the route of US-10.
  For more information about the Lake Michigan carferry, the S.S. Badger, visit the Lake Michigan Carferry, Inc. website for current sailings, historical information, fares, and activities to do while on board the four hour crossing.
  Updated For the first forty years of the existence of the US-10 freeway—now stretching from west of Farwell to Bay City—no exit numbers or milemarkers were posted along its route. For decades, MDOT only posted exit numbers and milemarkers along routes which actually began as freeways or entered Michigan at the southern or western state boundaries. Some routes, such as US-10, became freeways part-way through their travels through the state, and these routes were not assigned milemarkers. Starting in the early 1990s, MDOT began slowly milemarking the remaining freeways in the state, posting milemarkers on US-10 between Farwell and Bay City in 2001. It wasn't until 2010-12 that most of these freeways, however, had exit numbers assigned and US-10 was no exception. New exit signs along the US-10 freeway between Farwell and Bay City were installed in 2012 featuring exit numbers matching the milemarkers erected a decade before.
History: 1920s – Before the advent of the US Highway system in the mid-1920s, the Ludington-to-Detroit route of US-10 was made up of the following state routes: 1) M-20 from Ludington to Midland; 2) M-24 from Midland to Saginaw; and 3) M-10 from Saginaw to Detroit. (For the complete history of M-10 in Michigan, please see the M-10 listing below.)
  1926 – The US-10 designation was added in Michigan from Ludington to Detroit. Some 1926 Rand McNally road maps called this route "US-12" and the route which became US-12 as "US-10," however many familiar to the situation say this is not correct and attribute it to overzealous mapping using the preliminary plans for the US Highway System instead of the final approved version later in 1926. In any event, the redundant, duplicate state route numbers of M-20, M-24 and M-10 along this route were replaced by the US-10 designation.
  1928 – US-10 is realigned to utilize the new eastern bypass of the City of Flint, which is named "Dort Hwy" soon after; Dort was an early pioneer in the automobile industry in Flint, parterning with William Durant, the founder of General Motors, at one time. The former route of US-10 through Flint is redesignated as M-10, ironically reviving a highway designation which existed along this route two years earlier, prior to the coming of US-10! Also during 1928, US-10 is realigned to its present route from M-37 north of Baldwin westerly to the Lake/Mason Co line. The former route is turned back to local control.
  1932 – A new, more-direct highway alignment opens along present-day Saginaw Rd from Clare to Loomis in northern Isabella Co, with the former route of US-10 being turned back to local control.
  1933 – Two minor realignments are completed near Hersey and west of Evart in Osceola Co.
  1934 – A new bypass of downtown Midland opens in mid-1934 along Saginaw Rd. The former route through downtown Midland, running generally along present-day BUS US-10, becomes US-10A.
  1935 – A new alignment for two miles northwest from downtown Farwell opens in mid-1935, cutting a mile from the route. Old US-10 along Old State and Surrey Rds becomes a county road.
  1936 – US-10 is realigned to its present routing between Sears and M-66 east of Sears in 1936, where it turns south on M-66 for 3 miles back to its original alignment. The former route of US-10 along present-day 50th Ave & 3 Mile Rd is turned back to local control. Also, in early 1936, US-10 is realigned onto a new, direct highway alignment from Farwell to Clare, dropping the distance between those two cities by a mile. The former route along Beaver and Maple Rds is turned back to local control.
  1937-38 – While a major paving project had US-10 between Custer in Mason Co and M-37 north of Baldwin closed, a temporary US-10 was designated along county roads. From Custer, the route ran north along Custer Rd to Sugar Grove Rd, then east to Benson Rd and south to US-10 at Walhalla. From Walhalla, the route then ran south on Walhalla Rd, then east on Kinney Rd, 56th & 52nd Sts to Baldwin.
  1938 – The realignment project begun in Osceola Co at Sears in 1936 is completed with the opening of US-10 along its present route from M-66 east of Sears to Lake Station in Clare Co in 1938. The former US-10/M-66 routing retains the M-66 designation, while the former segment along 3 Mile Rd/Eight Point Ave is turned back to local control.
  1939 – The downtown Birmingham "bypass" is completed and opened to traffic and originally named "Hunter Blvd." Sources seem to indicate that originally, Hunter Blvd handled northbound US-10 traffic, while the original Woodward Ave route was given totally over to southbound traffic. At some future point, all US-10 traffic was transferred to the Hunter Blvd (now Woodward Ave) alignment, with Woodward Ave (now Old Woodward Ave) through downtown Birmingham becoming a local street.
  1941-42 – In late-1941 or early-1942, the M-10 designation through the City of Flint is replaced by a brand-new BUS US-10 designation, resulting is the absence of the M-10 designation from Michigan for almost 50 years.
  1943-44 – US-10 is realigned to its present routing between Chase in Lake Co and US-131 at Reed City in Osceola Co, with the Osceola portion being completed during the War in 1943 and the Lake stretch done in 1944. This change, however, does not show up on the official highway map until the 1948 editions! With this realignment and subsequent paving, the final 16 miles of gravel-surfaced US-10 in Michigan are finally hard-surfaced.
  1953 – With the completion of a US-23 bypass of Saginaw, the co-signed portion of US-10/US-23 between Bridgeport and downtown Saginaw becomes US-10/BUS US-23.
  1957 – With the completion of the Fenton-Clio Expressway (a freeway) from Birch Run southherly past Flint, the US-23 designation is moved to the new freeway and the former US-10/US-23 becomes just US-10. Through the center of Flint, Saginaw St becomes just BUS US-10.
  1959 – A new highway alignment opens bypassing Reed City on the north. Some of the former route becomes BUS US-10, with the remainder being transferred to local control.
  1960 – A portion of the new I-75/US-10/US-23 freeway opens between M-13 (the former US-23) northeast of Saginaw and the M-20 freeway west of Bay City. The US-10 designation is re-routed westerly along the M-20 freeway from Bay City to Midland. The new US-10 freeway also opens around the north side of Midland between Bay City Rd and Stark Rd. Much of the former US-10 between Saginaw and Midland becomes M-47, with the portion along State St in Saginaw designated as M-81, and the portion from Saginaw to Bridgeport designated as BL I-75. In the city of Midland, the former US-10 along Saginaw Rd is turned back to local control, while the former US-10A becomes BUS US-10.
  1961 – Another portion of the new I-75/US-10/US-23 freeway opens between Birch Run and M-13 northeast of Saginaw. The former route of US-10/US-23 (Dixie Hwy) becomes a county road. Also, a long, new portion of US-10 freeway opens between Stark Rd northwest of Midland and the newly completed US-27 "expressway" at Clare. At this time, all of US-10 from Bay City to Clare is temporarily designated as "TO I-75," directing through I-75 traffic between completed segments south of Bay City and north of Grayling. In addition, US-10 is routed around Pontiac along the former route of M-58, completely replacing it. The former US-10 through downtown Pontiac becomes BUS US-10.
  1962 – A new portion of the I-75 freeway is opened between Flint and Pontiac. The US-10 designation is transferred to I-75 between Birch Run and Clarkston. The former US-10 between Clio and the Oakland/Genesee Co line is re-designated as M-54 and Old BUS US-10 through Flint becomes BUS M-54. The former US-10 along Dixie Hwy from the end of M-54 to I-75 northwest of Clarkston is turned back to local control. US-10 is now freeway from east of Clare to Clarkston.
  1970 – The US-10 designation is moved from its Woodward Ave routing between Detroit and Pontiac onto the John C Lodge Frwy and Telegraph Rd. The former route is re-designated M-1. The BUS US-10 routing through downtown Pontiac is retained.
  1973 – With the completion of I-75 between West Branch and Roscommon, the "TO I-75" designation is removed from US-10 between Bay City and Clare.
  1975 – A new US-10/M-115 freeway bypass around the Farwell/Clare area opens. Old US-10 is retained as an unsigned state trunkline, except the part east of BUS US-27 in downtown Clare, which is re-designated as part of BUS US-10.
  1986-87 – The US-10 designation scaled back from downtown Detroit to end at Bay City. The route of US-10 is now about one-half its original length in Michigan. The former portions of US-10 co-signed with other routes retain those other route numbers. Former US-10 along Dixie Hwy and Telegraph Rd from I-75 northwest of Clarkston and Square Lake Rd (jct US-24) southwest of Pontiac becomes an extension of US-24 and the former BUS US-10 through Pontiac becomes BUS US-24. The John C Lodge Frwy from jct I-696 in Southfield and jct I-75 near downtown Detroit is redesignated as M-10. The final segment of the former US-10 is designated as BS I-375, but was never signed as such (it later became part of M-10).
  1989 – The former route of US-10 through Farwell and into downtown Clare becomes a signed state highway once again—it had remained an unsigned state trunkline since 1975. Most commercial maps have labled this road as BUS US-10, but all signs along the route reveal this is actually a re-re-location of M-115 back onto its original alignment. In 1975, M-115 was routed along with US-10 onto the newly constructed bypass to end at US-27 north of Clare. In 1989, M-115 was removed from this route and transferred back onto Ludington Dr and ends in downtown Clare at jct BUS US-27 & BUS US-10.
  1998 – The entrance to the Lake Michigan Carferry docks was changed from the south end of William St to the south end of James St in Ludington. Formerly, US-10 continued westerly on Ludington Ave for an additional three blocks to William St, then turned southerly for four blocks to the carferry docks. With the reconfiguration of the carferry docks and entrance in 1998, US-10 now turns southerly from Ludington Ave via James St for seven blocks to the ferry docks entrance. In the realignment, MDOT reconstructed James St, and placed a "US-10 ENDS" route marker assembly at the entrance to the docks. The former route of US-10 along William St is no longer a signed state highway, and may be turned back to local control in the future. The former portion of US-10 along Ludington Ave between James St and William St is now an extension of M-116.
Controlled-Access: Freeway: From M-115 northwest of Farwell to eastern terminus.
  Expressway: None.
NHS: Updated The entire length of US-10 in Michigan is part of the NHS. The portion of US-10 from the western jct with US-31 east of Ludington westerly to the Lake Michigan Carferry dock in Ludington is an "Intermodal Connector" on the NHS.
Circle Tour: Lake Michigan Circle Tour: From west jct of US-31 east of Ludington to east jct of US-31 west of Scottville.
  Lake Michigan Circle Tour - Loop: From eastern jct of US-31 west of Scottville to jct Old US-31 in downtown Scottville. NOTE: This LMCT Loop route was removed/decommissioned some time in late 2004 or early 2005 and no longer exists.
Business Connections:
  • BUS US-10 - Reed City. From jct US-10 & Mackinaw Tr (Old US-131) north of Reed City to jct US-10 east of Reed City.
  • BUS US-10 - Clare. From US-127/US-10 on the north side of Clare to jct US-10 east of Clare.
  • BUS US-10 - Midland. From jct US-10 on the north side of Midland (Eastman Rd interchange) to jct US-10 & M-20 east of Midland.
Continue on: US-10 into Wisconsin
Photographs:  
Weblinks:
Back to Former M-9 Route Listings Home On to M-10