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Highways 180 through 199

M-183 | M-185 | M-186 | M-188 | M-189 | I-194 | I-196 | M-199 | Jump to Bottom


M-183
Southern Terminus: Entrance to Fayette State Historic Park southwest of Garden
Northern Terminus: US-2 at Garden Corners
Length: 16.38 miles
Map: Route Map of M-183
Notes: Fayette, an 1800s iron-smelting ghost town, became a state park in the 1960s. For more than 20 years, Delta Co Rd 483 served as the connection from the main highway to the park. Then in the mid-1980s, the county transferred control of the northernmost 16.36 miles of the road to the state who redesignated it M-183, obviously basing the new number on its former Co Rd 483 designation. The highway basically serves as an access road to the park from US-2, seeing as it ends precisely at the park's main entrance. From that point on to Fairport, the road remains in county control as Co Rd 483.
  History: 1932 (Oct 29) - A new 2.0-mile long state trunkline loop route is created in southeast Livingston Co to serve as an access route into Dodge Brothers No.1 State Park (part of present-day Island Lake State Recreation Area) southeast of Brighton. The new route, designated M-183 and looping between US-16/Grand River Ave and US-23/Whitmore Lake Rd, appears on very few maps and is likely not signed in the field for its entire existence, if at all.
    1960 (Jul 6) - M-183 is cancelled as a state trunkline in its entirety, the portion along Briggs Lake Dr is turned back to local control while a portion within the state park becomes a park access road with the remainder abandoned as a public roadway. Interestingly, the route at M-183's eastern terminus, US-16, had been cancelled more than two months earlier on May 2 when it was relocated to the new Brighton-Farmington Expressway (present-day I-96).
  c.1984 - The northernmost 17 miles of Delta Co Rd 483 from the entrance to Fayette State Historic Park northerly through Garden to US-2 at Garden Corners is transferred to state control.
Freeway/Expwy: No portion of M-183 is freeway or expressway.
Photographs:
Weblinks: M-183 @ Michigan Highway Ends - photos of the termini of M-183 at Dan Garnell's excellent Michigan Highway Ends website.

M-185
 
M-185 B.L.Camp
Termini: Cnr Main St (formerly Huron St) & Fort St in downtown Mackinac Island
Length: 8.004 miles
Map: Route Map of M-185
Notes: The nation's only "Motorless State Highway"; in 1896, the City of Mackinac Island drafted an ordinance banning the use of motor vehicles on the island. A few years later, the Mackinac Island State Park Commission—the state park covers more than 80% of the island—followed suit and outlawed motor vehicles within the park as well. Today, the primary users of M-185 are the thousands of tourists piloting carriages and bicycles, or just plain walking.
M-185 is a 'circular' highway—it completely circles Mackinac Island—and therefore has no particular termini. The Mackinac Island State Park Commission has erected mileposts along M-185 (see example at left) using the State Park Visitor Center at Main & Fort Sts as Mile 0.0, which is used here as the termini.
The M-185 route marker image at right is a representation of the actual route markers posted around the island by the Mackinac Island State Park Commission. These signs, made of wood, have the "M-185" designation carved into them as well as the distance in miles as measured from the Mackinac Island State Park Visitor Center. The milemarker distances increase in the counter-clockwise direction as you move away from the Visitor Center. These milemarker signs have been known to "migrate" quite a bit over the years as they tend to be removed late each fall and re-installed again in the early spring. The image at right was created from a close-up photograph of the actual Mile 7 sign along Lake Shore Dr below the West Bluff.
History: 1933 (Jul 12) - The entire 8.1-mile length of Lake Shore Dr around the periphery of Mackinac Island as well as Huron St (aka "Main Street") downtown is transferred to state control as a state trunkline.
  2003 - The street name of M-185 through the downtown section of Mackinac Island is changed from Huron St to Main St during an Enhanced-911 effort.
Freeway/Expwy: No portion of M-185 is freeway or expressway.
Photographs:  
Weblinks: M-185 @ Michigan Highway Ends - photos of the termini of M-185 at Dan Garnell's excellent Michigan Highway Ends website.
  M-185 (Scenic Shoreline Road) - photo from the Exhibits section of the Mackinac Parks website.
  Mackinac Island State Historic Parks - official website of the various sites administered by the Mackinac Island State Park Commission: Fort Mackinac, Mackinac Island, Colonial Michilimackinac, Old Mackinac Point, and Historic Mill Creek.
  MackinacIsland.org - official site of the Mackinac Island Tourism Bureau.
  Mackinac.com - another tourist-oriented website.

M-186 Western Terminus: M-113, 3.5 miles west of Fife Lake
Eastern Terminus: US-131, 1/2 mile west of downtown Fife Lake
Length: 2.49 miles
Map: Route Map of M-186
Notes: M-186 is a short connector highway between US-131 and M-113.
History: 1932 (Oct 29) - A new 4.3-mile long connector trunkline designated M-186 links US-2 & US-41 at Rapid River with M-35 near Brampton. It mainly serves as a handy connection for westbound US-2 traffic heading for northbound M-35 toward Gwinn and Negaunee.
  1939 (July 13) - All of M-186 is cancelled as a state trunkline and turned back to local control.
  1940 - (Aug 17) - Nearly five miles of new state trunkline alignment are assumed into the system when US-131 is officially determined via its present-day route between Walton Junction and the jct with present-day M-186 on the western edge of Fife Lake. the former route of US-131 from Walton Junction northerly 4 miles is redesignated as an extension of M-113, while the east-west segment from M-113 easterly to the new alignment on the west edge of Fife Lake receives a brand-new route designation: M-186.
  1979 (Jun 1) - A new angling "cut-off" route is determined as a state trunkline, beginning on M-113 just east of Hodge Rd (5 miles east of Kingsley) and trending slightly southeasterly, crossing the existing M-113 approximately 1/4 mile north of the M-186 junction and ending on M-186 approximately one mile east of M-113 (1-1/2 miles west of US-131 at Fife Lake). A quarter-century later this realignment has yet to be built and may have been removed from the books at some point during the 1990s.
Freeway/Expwy: No portion of M-186 is freeway or expressway.
Photographs:
Weblinks: M-186 @ Michigan Highway Ends - photos of the termini of M-186 at Dan Garnell's excellent Michigan Highway Ends website.

M-188 Southern Terminus: The old PennCentral (Pennsylvania) Railroad grade near the VFW National Home, 4.5 miles southeast of Eaton Rapids
Northern Terminus: M-50/M-99 in Eaton Rapids
Length: 4.56 miles
Map: Route Map of M-188
Notes: M-188 was created to be an access road serving the VFW National Home southest of Eaton Rapids, on the Ingham/Eaton county line.
Note2
History: 1932 (Nov 19) - A new state trunkline spur route is determined providing highway access to the V.F.W. National Home from Eaton Rapids in southeast Eaton Co. Certain Michigan State Highway Dept maps only show the 1.7 mile portion of M-188 along Waverly Rd on the Eaton/Ingham Co line as being determined with the portion from M-50/M-99 in Eaton Rapids to Waverly Rd indicating no determination date! Whether this indicates a loss of the original determination information or was simply an error on the maps is unclear. In any event, the full trunkline from Eaton Rapids to the V.F.W Home was likely determined on the same date.
  1940 - M-188 is hard-surfaced throughout.
Freeway/Expwy: No portion of M-188 is freeway or expressway.
Photographs:
Weblinks: M-188 @ Michigan Highway Ends - photos of the termini of M-188 at Dan Garnell's excellent Michigan Highway Ends website.

M-189 Southern Terminus: Wisconsin state line (connection w/STH-139) 7.8 miles south of downtown Iron River
Northern Terminus: US-2 in downtown Iron River
Length: 7.79 miles
Map: Route Map of M-189
Notes: M-189 is a short highway connecting Iron River and US-2 to the Wisconsin highway system at STH-139.
History: 1932 (Oct 29) - A new 8.2-mile state trunkline is determined beginning at US-2 in downtown Iron River and proceeding southerly to the Brule River at the Wisconsin state line and a connection with an extension of Wisc STH-139 from Tipler, Wisc.
  1936 - M-189 is hard-surfaced throughout.
Freeway/Expwy: No portion of M-189 is freeway or expressway.
Continue on: STH-139 into Wisconsin - Wisconsin Highways Website
Photographs:
Weblinks: M-189 @ Michigan Highway Ends - photos of the termini of M-189 at Dan Garnell's excellent Michigan Highway Ends website.

I-194 Southern Terminus: I-94 at Exit 98 in southeastern Battle Creek
Northern Terminus: North jct of BL I-94/Michigan Ave & M-66 in downtown Battle Creek
Length: 3.42 miles - according to MDOT data
3.38 miles - according to Route Log and Finder List - Interstate Highways, FHWA
Map: Route Map of I-194
Notes: I-194 runs concurrently with M-66 for its entire length.
This highway, also known as the Sojourner Truth Downtown Parkway, is the only three-digit Interstate spur or loop route from I-94 in Michigan.
History: 1961 (Jan 6) - Six miles of new limited-access highway are assumed into the state trunkline system on this date, beginning near Graham Lake north of Joppa in Leroy Twp south of Battle Creek proceeding northerly to Columbia Ave on the south side of Battle Creek. The approximately 2-mile portion of this route from I-94/US-12 northerly to Columbia Ave is designated as part of I-194 as well as carrying the M-78 and BL I-94 designations as well. At Columbia Ave, I-194 terminates while M-78 and BL I-94 turn westerly via Columbia to the previous route of M-78 via Capital Ave.
  1964-65 - In 1964, the BL I-94 designation is removed from the I-194/M-78 freeway when the new Dickman Rd-M L King Dr routing is completed, while the M-78 designation is replaced through Battle Creek, including on the I-194 freeway, in 1965.
  1965 (July 28) - The northernmost portion of I-194/M-66 from Columbia Ave northerly to BL I-94/Michigan Ave is assumed into the state trunkline system, however official highway maps seem to indicate the freeway may will not open to traffic until some time in 1966.
  1966 - Official highway maps indicate the I-194/M-66 freeway is completed and opened to traffic from Columbia Ave to BL I-94/Michigan Ave this year.
Freeway: Entire route of I-194 is freeway.
NHS: Entire route.
Photographs:
Weblinks: I-194 @ Michigan Highway Ends - photos of the termini of I-194 at Dan Garnell's excellent Michigan Highway Ends website.
  I-194 Michigan - listing at Kurumi's 3 Digit Interstates website.
  Interstate 194 Michigan - listing at Interstate-Guide.com, part of the AARoads.com empire.

I-196 Southern Terminus: I-94 at Exit 34 northeast of Benton Harbor
Eastern Terminus: I-96/M-37 at Exit 37 on the eastern edge of Grand Rapids
Length: 80.63 miles - according to MDOT data
80.65 miles - according to Route Log and Finder List - Interstate Highways, FHWA
Map: Route Map of I-196
Notes: I-196 as originally proposed and completed in the late-1950s and early-60s and today's version run via two different routes from Grand Rapids westerly. A Detroit-Muskegon freeway was proposed in the mid-1950s to connect those endpoints with Lansing and Grand Rapids, replacing the existing two-, three-, and four-lane undivided US-16 routing. The Michigan State Highway Dept had planned on simply relocating US-16 onto the new freeway, however the entire route was also assumed into the Interstate Highway System in 1956-57, thus meaning an Interstate designation would follow. After sveral numbering schemes were proposed, it was decided I-96 would be assigned to the route from Detroit through Lansing to Grand Rapids, then southwesterly via Holland before turning southerly to Benton Harbor. The portion of the Detroit-Muskegon Freeway from Grand Rapids to Muskegon was designated as a spur route, assigned I-196.
By 1961, all of I-196 (Grand Rapids-Muskegon) was complete, as was I-96 from the eastern end of I-196 toward Lansing and for the next two years, the I-96 freeway approaching Grand Rapids simply "turned into" I-196, as the I-96 "crosstown" freeway at Grand Rapids was not yet built. Approximately a year before this east-west crosstown freeway through Grand Rapids was completed, and just before certain Lakeshore segments of I-96/US-31 were to open, State Highway Dept officials petitioned AASHO to flip the I-96 and I-196 desginations west of Grand Rapids. This was granted in mid- to late-1963 and the two routes took on their present-day appearance, although the Jenison-to-Holland portion of I-196 would not be completed for more than a decade.
Updated I-196 is also known as the Gerald R Ford Frwy, named for the 38th president who spent much of his life in the Grand Rapids area. In local usage, Grand Rapidians tend to favor calling this highway "The Ford Freeway" (or just "The Ford") over "I-196." Traffic reporters refer to the junction of "the Ford and US-131 downtown." Also see an article (2000) from Michigan History magazine by Tom Shawver titled "The Ford Freeway Funnies."
This is one of a handful of "direction-changing" routes in Michigan. At the US-31 junction south of Holland, I-196 changes from a north-south highway to an east-west one. The directional markers mounted with the route markers confirm this, although no specific signage is in place announcing the change as there is along M-5 in Novi and formerly featured along I-69 at Lansing.
History: 1957 (Dec 30) - A 9-mile segment of US-16 freeway, which is under consideration for inclusion in the new Interstate Highway System, is assumed into the state trunkline system on this day in Ottawa Co. The new freeway consists of two segments on new alignment as well as a portion of existing trunkline converted to freeway standards. From existing US-16/State Rd on the west side of Coopersville (west of 68th Ave) easterly, bypassing Coopersville to the south, back to existing US-16/Ironwood Dr at 40th Ave is assumed into the state trunkline system. From 40th Ave easterly to 24th Ave, existing US-16/Ironwood Dr is "twinned" and all intersecting roads are closed or grade-separated, converting the highway to a full freeway. From 24th Ave easterly to 8th Ave, the freeway again departs the existing highway onto new alignment bypassing Marne to the north and merges back into existing US-16 at 8th Ave. The two portions of existing US-16 not assumed into the new freeway (through Coopersville and through Marne) are turned back to local control.
  1958-59 - With Interstate numbering schemes finalized, the Muskegon-Grand Rapids freeway being built as a relocation of US-16 is also designated as part of I-196.
  1960 - Sources indicate the first I-196 route markers appear along the US-16 freeway from west of Coopersville to east of Marne.
  1961 - New segments of freeway open between Muskegon and Grand Rapids, completing the I-196 freeway in its entirety:
  • (Autumn?) - The first segment of the I-196/US-16 and I-96/US-16 freeways around Grand Rapids likely opens in the fall beginning at BUS US-131/Plainfield Ave southeasterly to the terminus of I-196 at the proposed I-96 freeway into downtown Grand Rapids. From that point southeasterly, the new I-96/US-16 freeway continues to the Cascade area.
  • (Nov 25) - The I-196/US-16 freeway from US-31 in Norton Shores southeasterly to the western end of the "Coopersville-Marne" freeway segment is officially determined as a state trunkline and likely opens at this time as well. The former route of US-16 from US-31 to Coopersville is turned back to local control.
  • (Dec 22) - The segment of the I-196/US-16 and I-96/US-16 freeway from existing US-16/Ironwood Dr (present-day M-11) near Marne easterly and southeasterly around Greater Grand Rapids to the western end of the existing freeway at Whitneyville Ave is assumed into the state trunkline system, meaning the portion from Ironwood Dr to BUS US-131/Plainfield Ave likely opens to traffic by this time as well.
  1961 (Sept 30) - The I-96/US-31 freeway (to be redesignated I-196/US-31 within two years) from I-94 northeast of Benton Harbor northerly to the Van Buren/Allegan Co line at South Haven is determined as part of the state trunkline highway system. The only portion completed and opened to traffic at this time, however, is the first 7-mile segment from I-94 to US-31/US-33/Hagar Shore Rd near the Berrien/Van Buren Co line.
  1963 (July-December) - While the precise date for the changeover has not yet been pinpointed, at some point in the last half of 1963, all of what had been designated I-196 from Muskegon to Grand Rapids is redesignated as I-96, while all of I-96 from Benton Harbor via Holland to Grand Rapids is redesignated as I-196. This "route designation swap" was likely done prior to the opening of the freeway from US-33 at Hagar Shore to existing US-31 on the south side of Holland.
  1963 (Dec 16) - Two further trunkline determinations for the I-96-turned-I-196 freeway in Allegan Co, with the route likely being determined as I-196/US-31 instead of the originally-proposed I-96/US-31 designation. It is assumed when these freeway segments open, the route is posted as I-196/US-31. The determinations are from the Van Buren/Allegan Co line to existing US-31 (at Exit 36) south of Douglas, and from existing US-31 (at Exit 41) northeast of Saugatuck to existing US-31/Washington Ave on the southside of Holland. The former route of US-31 from Hagar Shores to south of Douglas and from northeast of Saugatuck to the southside of Holland is turned back to local control.
  1964 - Two additional segments of I-196 are determined as state trunkline highways and likely open to traffic at the same time:
  • (July 31) - The I-196/US-31 Douglas/Saugatuck "bypass" is determined from existing US-31 at Exit 36 to existing US-31 at Exit 41. The former route of US-31 is turned back to local control.
  • (Dec 14-21) - The I-196/M-21 freeway through Grand Rapids is opened to traffic on December 14th and is officially assumed into the trunkline system one week later on the 21st, from existing M-21/Chicago Dr at Exit 69 in Grandville through downtown Grand Rapids to its terminus at I-96, where M-21 now continues the short distance via I-96 easterly to its existing routing along E Fulton St.
  1972 (Dec 29) - A portion of the "in-town" business routing for the I-196/M-21 freeway through Grand Rapids, designated BUS M-21, is turned back to local control, specifically the portion from US-131 easterly via Franklin St, northerly via Eastern Ave and easterly again via E Fulton St. At this point, BUS M-21 becomes a spur routing from I-196/M-21 at Exit 69 through Grandville and Wyoming to US-131 in Grand Rapids.
  1973 (Mar 12) - The final segment of I-196 freeway is assumed into the state trunkline system (and likely opens within several months) from the existing I-196/US-31 freeway south of Holland at Exit 44 northeasterly past Zeeland and Hudsonville to the western end of the existing freeway at M-21/Chicago Dr (Exit 69). For the second time, I-196 is completed in its entirety--the first time being completed in 1961 when it occupied the Muskegon-Grand Rapids routing. Sources also seem to indicate the BS I-196 designation debuts at this time in Wyoming and Grand Rapids. The remainder of the former BUS M-21 through the City of Grandville via Chicago Dr becomes an unsigned state trunkline for the time being.
  1974 (Dec 11) - The short connection from M-21/Chicago Dr easterly to the new I-196 freeway at Exit 55 east of Zeeland via Byron Rd is transferred to state control. This short new connector is then paired with existing M-21 around the south side of Zeeland to US-31 at the Chicago Dr interchange on the eastern edge of Holland and designated as an I-196 Business Connection. Official maps seem to indicate only the portion of the former M-21 from US-31 to I-196 at Exit 55 receives this designation, meaning it would be signed as BS I-196. However, by 1976 official maps show the route continuing through downtown Holland and back to I-196 at Exit 44, meaning the route may have been designated as BL I-196 (as a loop route) from day one, however. Former M-21 via Chicago Dr from the new BL I-196 east of Zeeland to Exit 69 in Grandville is relieved of its M-21 designation, but remains as an unmarked state trunkline highway.
  1982 - Two segments of former M-21 via Chicago Dr in Grandville are turned back to local control:
  • (Aug 31) - Chicago Dr from the eastbound I-196 off-ramp at Exit 69 easterly to Wilson Ave downtown is turned back to local control.
  • (Oct 20) - Chicago Dr through the I-196 interchange (Exit 69) from the Ottawa/Kent Co line easterly to the eastbound I-196 off-ramp is turned back to local control.
  1985 (Dec 1) - The remainder of former BUS M-21/Chicago Dr in the City of Grandville is turned back to local control, from Wilson Ave downtown easterly to the Grandville/Wyoming city limit.
Freeway: Entire route of I-196 is freeway.
NHS: Entire route.
Circle Tour: Lake Michigan Circle Tour: Two segments:
  1. From M-63 near Hagar Shores to southern jct of BL I-196 at South Haven.
  2. From northern jct of BL I-196 at South Haven to northern jct of US-31 south of Holland.
Business Connections: BL I-196 - South Haven. From Exit 18 to Exit 20.
  BL I-196 - Holland-Zeeland. From Exit 44 to Exit 55.
  BS I-196 - Wyoming-Grand Rapids. From 72 to US-131 at Exit 83B.
Photographs:
Weblinks: I-196 @ Michigan Highway Ends - photos of the termini of I-196 at Dan Garnell's excellent Michigan Highway Ends website.
  I-196 Michigan - listing at Kurumi's 3 Digit Interstates website.
  Interstate 196 Michigan - listing at Interstate-Guide.com, part of the AARoads.com empire.
  New! The Ford Freeway Funnies - article in the July/August 2000 issue of Michigan History magazine.

M-199 Western Terminus: I-94 at Exit 119 northwest of Albion
Eastern Terminus: BL I-94/Eaton St in Albion north of downtown (cnr of Austin St & Eaton St)
Length: 3.98 miles
Map: Route Map of M-199
Notes: One of several jurisdictional transfers in Calhoun Co part of the "Rationalization" effort in 1998.
While only six blocks separate M-199 from M-99, the two routes do not meet. It is clear, however, M-199's designation is derived from its proximity to M-99.
History: 1933 (July 12) - On the same day the former route of US-41 from the south side of Stephenson to one mile north of Daggett in central Menominee Co is turned back to local control, bypassed to the east by a new alignment of US-41, two short state trunkline spurs from the new route of US-41 into the "downtowns" of both Daggett and Stephenson are determined. Daggett's 0.4-mile spur is designated M-199, while nearby Stephenson's 0.3-mile spur is given the M-200 designation.
  1939 (Aug 13) - After just over six years in existence, the Daggett (M-199) and Stephenson (M-200) spurs are cancelled and turned back to local control.
  1998 (Oct 31) - As one of several state trunkline transfers in the Rationalization program, Michigan Ave from BL I-94/Eaton St westerly to 25-1/2 Mile Rd, then northerly via 25-1/5 Mile & 26 Mile Rds to I-94 at Exit 119 is transferred to state control and designated M-199.
  2001 (Jan 24) - M-199 route markers are erected along the route of the new highway.
  2004 (Apr) - M-199 is finally signed along I-94 when a freeway sign replacement project replaces the signage at Exit 119.
Freeway/Expwy: No portion of M-199 is freeway or expressway.
Photographs:
Weblinks: M-199 @ Michigan Highway Ends - photos of the termini of M-199 at Dan Garnell's excellent Michigan Highway Ends website.
  M-199 on Austin Avenue - a page on Historical Albion Michigan from the Morning Star, February 25, 2001, includes a history of the route from the 1830s to today.

 

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